Diabetic ketoacidosis is one of the many complications caused by diabetes. The condition is characterized by the body producing high levels of blood acids called ketones. If a diabetic person experiences extreme thirst, frequent urination, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, he/she may be suffering from diabetic ketoacidosis and must see a doctor. Diabetic ketoacidosis can be treated.
Diabetics with type 1 diabetes are the most at risk of developing diabetic ketoacidosis. Diabetics with type 2 diabetes are not likely to develop the condition. The main difference between type 1 and type 2 diabetes is that in the former the pancreas does not produce insulin or produce very little insulin while in the latter the pancreas does not make enough insulin or the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. In short, if you are diabetic, do not panic as diabetic complications are not inevitable especially if you follow your diabetes treatment plan carefully.
Diabetic nephropathy is another diabetic complication. In this condition kidneys get affected or damaged by diabetes. Kidneys filter waste from blood through millions of tiny blood vessel clusters. Diabetes can damage this filtering system. Severe damage to the kidneys can lead to their failure, requiring kidney transplant or dialysis. The good news however remains that the cases of diabetic nephropathy have dropped in recent years due to better diabetes management.
Somogyi Effect is also called “rebound hyperglycemia”. Somogyi Effect occurs when there is too much insulin circulating in the blood stream and that is why it is said to be a “man-made” medical condition in which the diabetes medications or insulin are working too strongly at the wrong time. Somogyi Effect typically occurs in the middle of the night. The following are some of the symptoms of Somogyi effect:
- Heart palpitations
- Visual problems like blurred vision
- Abnormal behavior
Somogyi Effect can be a challenge to avoid. All in all, if you have had bouts of Somogyi Effect then the trick lies in stopping hypoglycemia from taking place in the first instance.
More Useful Resource:
- Risk Factors for Diabetes
- Diabetic Coma
- Diabetic Neuropathy
- Diabetic Retinopathy